According to the 2015 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics survey of health professionals with experience in Central America, there is a lack of basic knowledge of biology and physiology in developing regions of the region. Starting with a discussion of basic health concepts and then explaining how nutrition affects our bodies is a good strategy.
Explaining Organ Functions
- Lungs: provide oxygen to blood
- Heart: circulates blood throughout the body
- Stomach: helps digest food
- Intestines: absorb nutrients from food
- Liver: removes toxins from blood and processes nutrients from food
- Kidneys: filter blood of waste and extra fluid
- Explaining Nutrition.
It is food that influences the body’s health. It provides important survival nutrients to help the body work and stay healthy. Nutrition is necessary. Food is composed of macronutrients, including protein, carbohydrates and fat, which not only provide the body with energy and calories, but also contribute to health.
Also, food supplies micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) and plant chemicals to ensure that the body is operating optimally. Food does not provide calories but has a variety of critical functions. You can opt Biomedical Research Journal for more information.
Explaining Macronutrients: Protein, Carbohydrate and Fat
Protein: found in traditional Central American cooking, in beef, pork, chicken, game and wild meats, fish and seafood, eggs, soybeans and other legumes, protein gives amino acids to the body.
Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins essential for body tissue growth, development and repair. Protein provides muscle and bone structure, repairs tissue when damaged and helps immune cells fight infection and inflammation.
Carbohydrates: Carbohydrate’s main role is to provide energy and fuel to the body, just as cars are fueled by petrol. Food including corn, cabbages, peas, plantains, rice, tortilla, potatoes, and other root vegetables like yucca, pasta, and fruit provide energy-providing sugars or starches.
Energy allows the body to work every day as simply as to walk, talk, and ride, and move heavy objects as complex. Fuel is needed for growth, which makes enough fuel particularly important for children and pregnant women growing. The body needs calories even at rest, so that it can serve vital functions including maintaining body temperature, breathing and food digesting.
Fat: Dietary fat found in oils, cocoa, nuts, milk, cheese, food, poultry, and fish provides a cell-and cushion-like structure for damage prevention. Fatty oils, including vitamin A, a nutrient vital for the healthy eyes and the lungen, are necessary for absorbing fat-soluble vitamins.
Explaining Micronutrients: Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamins and minerals constitute food components that help promote overall health and play important roles in neurological and cell metabolism.
Vitamins help to generate energy, healing of wounds, development of bones, immunity and protection of the eye and body.
Minerals help preserve cardiovascular health and build a skeleton structure.
The body has plenty of nutrients to use when using a balanced diet including fruit, vegetables, milk, protein foods and whole or enriched grains. The effectiveness of nutrient education can be improved with some examples of specific micronutrient functions: calcium and magnesium help muscles and blood vessels to relax, avoid cramps and high blood pressure.
Vitamin C helps heal wounds and removes germs in the skin.
Iron allows the whole body to bear blood oxygen and avoids anemia.
Explanation as a building block of the theory of nutrients.
The building blocks include protein for the growth in the utero of babies, for growth in young people and adolescents, and for the repair in non growing adults of damaged skin, blood and other parts of the body.
Many parts of the body, including blood and hair, are constantly recycled, so that even adults frequently build new parts of the body. The building block for bones is also calcium. Iron is a blood building block. The body constantly needs more iron and protecting blood because blood cells last only a couple of months. Opt Nutritional Science Journal.