Glaucoma is a disease of the eye marked by increased pressure within the eyeball that can result in damage to the optic disk and gradual loss of vision. The front part of the eye contains a clear fluid, aqueous humor, which nourishes the eye and gives it its shape. The eye constantly produces this fluid and drains it away through a drainage system, and if the fluid drains too slowly, it builds up and add pressure inside the eye and results to glaucoma.
CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS
Experts do not know exactly what causes glaucoma, but some health conditions like tumor, diabetes, hypothyroidism, an advanced cataract, or inflammation increases the risk of secondary glaucoma. Also, factors such as follows also increases the chances of glaucoma:
Previous eye surgery
For white people, being over 60 years old
Severe myopia (nearsightedness)
For Black and Hispanic people, being over 40 years old
Taking corticosteroid medication, especially as eye drops
Having diabetes or another underlying health condition
High blood pressure
A family history of glaucoma
Genetic factors, which can lead to childhood glaucoma
Having an eye injury or condition
Glaucoma damage is permanent—it cannot be reversed. If a person can’t manage the added fluid pressure inside the eye, it may damage the optic nerve and other parts of the eye, leading to vision loss. But medicine and surgery help to stop further damage. To treat glaucoma, your ophthalmologist may use one or more of the following treatments:
Most people will use eye drops as initial treatment. These can help decrease eye pressure by improving how fluid drains from your eye or by decreasing the amount of fluid your eye makes. It is essential to follow a healthcare professional’s instructions carefully for the best results and to prevent adverse effects.
Prescription eye drop medications you can use include:
Rho kinase inhibitor
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
Miotic or cholinergic agents
Another treatment you can have aside from eye drops is an oral medication prescribed by a licensed health professional. If eye drops alone don’t bring your eye pressure down to the desired level, your doctor may also prescribe an oral medication, usually a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor. However, this may give you tingling in the fingers and toes, depression, stomach upset, kidney stones, and frequent urination as side effects.
Surgery and other therapies
Other treatment options include laser therapy and various surgical procedures. Some procedure and therapy techniques are intended to improve the drainage of fluid within the eye and thus lower the pressure and give treatment for Glaucoma.
MEDICAL MARIJUANA FOR GLAUCOMA TREATMENT
One most frequently cited reasons why people buy cannabis seeds online is for Glaucoma. Research findings from as early as the 1970s show that both marijuana and THC reduce intraocular pressure – a key contributor to glaucoma. Some conventional medications and therapies outperform cannabinoids, but marijuana-based medicines has offered a huge impact for treating glaucoma successfully – which is why it’s considered as a promising alternative relief for underlying causes of Glaucoma.