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With the advent of 5G, a huge technology change is in progress, which will bring about a once-in-a-decade upgrade of the wireless systems that deliver data to mobile phones. This transition to 5G will not only affect mobile devices, but will also have an impact on many other kinds of devices, machines and objects that send traffic data to one another, including security cameras, cars, drones and industrial robots.

What is 5G technology?

5G is the fifth generation of mobile network technology that promises to offer faster downloads & uploads, more stable connections, wider coverage, lower latency, 1 millisecondping rate, 1000x more bandwidth per unit area, 100x more connected devices per unit area and 90% reduction in network energy usage.

How fast is 5G?

Industry experts believe that 5G networks will be 10 to 20 times faster than 4G networks. In tests conducted by wireless chip maker, Qualcomm, a peak speed of 4.5 gigabytes a second was demonstrated. However, it predicts an initial median speedof about 1.4 gigabytes.

However, ultimately how much 5G speed you get would depend on where you live and which wireless services you use.

What will be the impact of 5G on the world economy?

The introduction of 5G will be a major driver for the world economy – prompting the innovation of new products, industries, services and jobs creations. According to The 5G Economy – a research commissioned by Qualcomm – a wide range of industries like education, retail, transportation, entertainment, health, manufacturing, automation, logistics, automotiveand more, could produce up to $12.3 trillion worth of goods and services facilitated by 5G mobile technology by 2035.

The same research also concluded that the advent of 5G technology will support a thriving value chain by generating up to $3.5 trillion in revenue and creating 22 million jobsby 2035. Over time, the total contribution of 5G to Global GDP growth is expected to be around $3.0 trillion. The Asia-Pacific and Americas regions are expected to generate the greatest share of the total contribution of 5G to the Global GDP, with $212 billion and $190 billion, respectively.

What are the benefits of 5G?

  1. Improved speeds:While 4G has a download speed of around 20Mbps, the download speed in 5G is expected to reach 500 to 1500 Mbps. This means that a HD movie that takes approximately 30 minutes to download with 4G could be downloaded in about 25 seconds in 5G.
  2. More capacity for multiple devices:5G technology can have up to 100 times more connected devices per unit area than 4G which allows more capacity for multiple devices to be used at once in the same area.
  3. Better coverage: 5G towers are significantly smaller than 4G towers and can therefore be placed in a variety of locations which will ultimately provide better coverage (100% more coverage) than 4G.
  4. Lower latency: While a lag of 50 to several hundred milliseconds is common while using 4G, with 5G, which uses a newer networking technology, the latency will be reduced to a few milliseconds. This in turn will allow users to experience less delay or lag when requesting data from the network.
  5. Lower power consumption: With the implementation of 5G, an estimated 90% reduction in power consumption is expected for devices. While for smartphones this means a minor power saving, for IoT devices, the power savings could be significant.Remote devices can be expected to last significantly longer when running on battery alone.
  6. Robust Security: When it comes to mobileand IoT devices, security is always a concern. With 5G however, robust security will be available, including hardware security modules, key management services, over the air and secure element among others. This will help ensure that the data transmitted over the 5G network is protected and safe. While the security of your devices will be covered with 5G, the security of your home needs an extra set of eyes both inside and outside the home. That’s where CCTV cameras come in. Click here to find the best CCTV camera for home.
  7. High-speed broadband in the home and office:The speeds made possible by 5G technologies will allowultra-high-speed broadband connectivity to households and officebuildings.
  8. Quick deployment: The arrival of 5G will increase broadband capacity in certain ad-hoc or emergency circumstances which will be helpful for public telecommunications operators and first responder organizations in quick deployment and temporary connectivity.
  9. Industrial automation:5G networks will benefit industrial automation by cutting down on outages and malfunctions, improving quality assurance, prevent faults and modify processes.
  10. Remote object manipulation: 5G will facilitate remote object manipulation applications like remote diagnosis, remote surgery and remote control of equipment and vehicles (including unmanned ground or aerial vehicles).
  11. Additional benefits: Additional potential benefits include improved health & longer lifespan, increased independence & autonomy, reduced pollution, increased access to education, improved public safety & emergency response and shorter commute times.
  12. Qualitative improvements in the healthcare sector: 5G can bring about qualitative improvements in the healthcare sector will include improved billing and care management systems via integration of data and services, remote diagnosis, remote surgery, improved healthcare service delivery and improved overall health.
  13. Qualitative impacts in the transportation vertical: Qualitative impact of 5G in the transportation vertical will include autonomous driving, remote/assisted driving, increased safety, reduced pollution and congestion and increased availability of public transport.
  14. Benefit of 5G for the education sector: Some of the benefits of 5G for the education sector include remote access to experts and educators, industrial and workplace education through augmented and virtual reality and distance learning

When will 5G launch in India?

According to a statement issued by the ex-Secretary of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI), Mr. SK Gupta, the Telecom sector is going to move to 5G by 2022. Although TRAI is yet to set a date for 5G spectrum auction any, India’s mobile operators have started preparing themselves for the once-in-a-decade upgrade. While commercial rollout of 5G in India is not expected until sometime in 2020, the three largest Indian telecom operations – Airtel, Reliance Jio and Vodafone Idea – have begun conducting trials and implementing 5G-ready equipment.

Final thoughts

The global impact of 4G brought about an increase in mobile usage and improved network performance. 5G will build on and augment this momentum, bringing significant network improvements, including higher connection speeds, mobility and capacity, as well as lowlatency.

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