The Distinctive Differences Better Ferrous And Non-Ferrous Metals

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Know Your Metals: Learn The Distinctive Differences Better Ferrous And Non-Ferrous Metals

In case you’re planning to get rid of your scrap metal, then you should be knowing the differences between non-ferrous and ferrous metals. It should be noted that not only you can make money by trading metals, but you also will be able to help & save the environment from getting contaminated by these toxic metals.

In simple terms, ferrous and non-ferrous metals can be summed up one word – ferrous metals have iron in them while non-ferrous metals don’t. This is the reason why ferrous metals have very strong properties and can be used in projects that require durability and strength. Some of these products include vehicles, construction of railroads, new buildings and so on. On the other hand, non-ferrous metals are perfect for those products which get repeated exposure to elements of nature such as sun, air, and water. This is the reason why non-ferrous metals are used in roofing parts, gutters, street signs and the like.

The List Of Things Where Ferrous Metals Are Used

It should be remembered that ferrous and non-ferrous metals have their distinctive properties, which helps in determining how they should be used and for what applications they’re suited for as well. Ferrous metals mostly exist in alloy state, which means that they’re made from a combination of various metals. What’s common between them all is that they all contain iron – which allows a magnet to stick to an item containing ferrous metal. For instance, a magnet will not get attached to an aluminum can because it has no iron in it.

Apart from wrought iron and stainless steel (which are protected from oxidation since they have chromium in them), the following are some of the most common ferrous metals used for recycling by Blacktown scrap metal services:

  • Steel:

Produced by adding iron to carbon, which hardens it.

  • Carbon Steel:

Has a higher content of carbon and thereby makes it exceptionally hard. Commonly used in machine tools.

  • Alloy Steel:

Just like stainless steel, it’s a popular metal used in the construction industry.

  • Cast Iron:

Alloy is made from carbon, iron, and silicon. It’s also resistant to wear and tear and is found in automobile engines.

  • Scrap Iron:

Generally found in industries, machinery, and other parts.

The List Of Things Where Non-Ferrous Metals Are Used

Non-ferrous metals are light but at the same time strong as well. This is why non-ferrous metals tend to be more durable than ferrous metals. Furthermore, the lightweight feature allows them to be used in various applications. These metals are harder to find than ferrous metals but their biggest strength is their malleability. Also, these metals are not prone to oxidation or rusting.

The following are some of the most common non-ferrous metals:

  • Aluminum:

Used in aircraft, food cans, railways, kitchen utensils and so on.

Copper:

Used a conductor for manufacturing wires, bearings and also to produce brass.

  • Lead:

Used in batteries, electric power cables, building construction and so on.

  • Zinc:

Used for the process of galvanizing on steel or iron to prevent oxidation.

  • Tin:

Used for making food cans.

It should be noted that non-ferrous metals require less time and energy to be recycled. For instance, aluminum food can be recycled within 60 days and can get back on the grocery shelf as a new packaged food can again. Furthermore, the overall energy that is saved from recycling aluminum beverage cans can help to fuel almost more than one million cars on the road for an entire year or 365 days continuously.

Even though the volume of non-ferrous metal scrap is less compared to ferrous metals, the overall value obtained is much higher comparatively.

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