Stem cells are the immature cells but have the ability to grow into any type of cells of the human body. The process of infusing healthy stem cells into the body system is done by cell transplants. It becomes very much necessary when the bone marrow does not work and fails to produce sufficient stem cells required by the body.
Bone marrow transplantation sometimes become difficult to perform due to lack of donors. After facing this problem, researchers have discovered another method, i.e., the transplantation of stem cells extracted from the umbilical cord of newborns. These cord blood stem cells are immature, undifferentiatedand are able to regenerate themselves into any type of cells of the body.
Cord blood stem cell transplants have successfully treated many diseases and debilitating conditions. Stem cells harvested from umbilical cord blood of a newborn baby can develop into any type of organ or tissue such as liver, heart and neural cells. They can also repair tissue and organs damaged in strokes and heart attacks.
Stem cell transplantation includes autologous and allogeneic transplants of hematopoietic stem cells from bone marrow, peripheral blood or cord blood. Donors for allogeneic transplants can be identical siblings, other family members or unrelated donor.
Cord blood transplantation can be considered to be an alternative of bone marrow transplants and to replace thedamaged or diseased cells of the body.
Umbilical cord blood units can be readily used and stored. Samples are easily available too. The patient’s condition can be improved drastically with this kind of a transplant. A patient with a rarely-found blood type cannot find a donor easily, at this time the patientcan be treated by stem cells harvested from cord blood.
With the advancement of stem cell research, the future of cord blood transplant looks promising as more of its potential uses are discovered. Many people suffering from rare diseases and debilitating injuries have been able to lead better quality lives following a cord blood stem cell transplant.
Cord blood stem cell transplant is becoming increasingly important for treatment of life-threatening blood diseasesand stem cell banking is the method by which the parents can store their baby’s blood.
Banking of the cord blood is a procedure of preserving the stem cells which is generally thrown away after the birth of a baby. Regarding cord blood parents have three options – store them in a private bank by paying fee, donate the cord blood to public bank or you can throw them as a medical waste. In all of these options saving your baby’s stem cells in a private bank is the best option as it will give you the ability to own your sample stem cells.
Author Bio: Navya Sharma has been associated with the health industry for a long time. In her leisure, she loves writing articles. Through her articles, you can obtain knowledge on various stem cell preservation, Stem cell banking, cord blood banking.